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When Can the DOJ File Charges for PPP Loan Fraud?

On Behalf Of Candice Fields Law PC | November 22, 2023 |

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PPP Loan Fraud has become a focal point for the Department of Justice (DOJ) in ensuring that the funds allocated for aiding businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic are not misappropriated. The DOJ is vigilant in identifying and prosecuting fraudulent activities related to these loans. Here’s an insight into the circumstances and criteria under which the DOJ can file charges for PPP loan fraud.

What is the PPP Loan?

The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan is a significant component of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, enacted in March 2020 in response to the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The program aimed to provide financial relief to small businesses and nonprofit organizations facing economic hardships during this period.

What is PPP Loan Fraud?

PPP loan fraud occurs when individuals or businesses intentionally provide false information or misrepresent facts to obtain PPP funds illegitimately. This can include inflating payroll costs, creating fictitious employees, or using funds for unauthorized purposes.

Criteria for Filing PPP Loan Charges Charges:

False Information

  • Scenario: The DOJ can file charges if an individual or business intentionally provides false information on the PPP loan application. This includes inflating payroll expenses, the number of employees, or misrepresenting the nature of the business.
  • Legal Basis: This falls under making false statements to a federal agency or bank fraud.

Misuse of Funds

  • Scenario: Using PPP funds for unauthorized purposes, such as personal expenses, investment in non-qualifying business activities, or other non-allowable uses.
  • Legal Basis: Charges can be filed for wire fraud, mail fraud, or other related offenses.

Identity Theft

  • Scenario: If someone uses another person’s identity or business information to fraudulently apply for and receive PPP funds.
  • Legal Basis: The DOJ can bring charges of identity theft and fraud.

Multiple Applications

  • Scenario: Applying for multiple PPP loans for the same business or set of employees to receive funds unlawfully
  • Legal Basis: This can lead to charges of fraud or making false statements.

Legal Process


  • Initiation: The DOJ, often in collaboration with other federal agencies, initiates an investigation based on red flags, tips, or anomalies detected in PPP loan applications or spending patterns.
  • Evidence Gathering: The investigation involves collecting evidence, interviewing witnesses, and possibly issuing subpoenas to gather more information.

Filing of Charges

  • Decision: If there’s substantial evidence of fraud, the DOJ can decide to file criminal charges.
  • Grand Jury: In many cases, a grand jury is convened to evaluate the evidence and determine whether to indict the accused.


  • Trial: If indicted, the accused faces a trial where the DOJ presents its case, and the defense has an opportunity to counter the charges.
  • Plea Bargain: In some cases, a plea bargain can be negotiated to reduce the charges or penalties.

Defense Against PPP Loan Fraud Charges:

Facing charges for PPP loan fraud can be a daunting experience. However, a robust defense strategy, spearheaded by an experienced federal defense attorney, can significantly impact the case outcome. Key defense strategies can include:

  • Lack of Intent: Demonstrating that any discrepancies were unintentional or resulted from misunderstandings, not a deliberate attempt to defraud.
  • Insufficient Evidence: Challenging the sufficiency and validity of the evidence presented by the prosecution.
  • Procedural Errors: Identifying errors in the investigation or prosecution process that may undermine the case’s integrity.

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How Candice Fields Law, PC Can Assist You with PPP Loan Fraud Charges

The DOJ is actively prosecuting PPP loan fraud to safeguard the integrity of this relief program. Individuals and businesses must be aware of the legal implications of misusing or fraudulently obtaining PPP funds. If facing such charges, it’s crucial to seek legal representation to navigate the complex legal landscape effectively.

At Candice Fields Law, PC, we understand the gravity and complexity that comes with facing PPP loan fraud charges. Our commitment is to provide personalized, strategic, and aggressive legal representation tailored to navigate these challenging situations. Here’s how we can be your staunch ally:

Personalized Consultation

We begin with a comprehensive consultation to understand every detail of your case. Each client's situation is unique, and we ensure that we grasp the nuances of your specific circumstances.

In-depth Case Analysis

Our team meticulously reviews all evidence and allegations. We assess the prosecution’s case critically, identifying potential weaknesses and areas to challenge.

Strategic Defense Planning

With a wealth of experience in white-collar crime defense, we craft a defense strategy that is not only robust but also customized to your specific case. Every legal argument is prepared with precision to counter the charges effectively.

Legal Representation

We stand by you at every step. From court appearances to negotiations with prosecutors, you can count on Candice Fields Law, PC for unwavering representation. Our advocacy aims to protect your rights and seek the most favorable outcome.

Evidence Challenge

Our experience lies in challenging the validity and legality of the evidence presented against you. We are adept at engaging expert witnesses and utilizing legal provisions to counter claims.

Navigating Legal Protocols

The legal journey can be intricate. We guide you through every protocol, ensuring that you are informed and prepared. Every document, filing, and legal requirement is handled with utmost diligence.

Negotiation and Plea Bargains

Our negotiation skills are honed to seek plea bargains that are in your best interest. Every negotiation is approached with strategic foresight, aiming for reduced penalties or case dismissal.

Trial Preparation

If the case proceeds to trial, we are your steadfast defense. Every piece of evidence is presented with clarity, and legal arguments are articulated with compelling vigor.

Post-Trial Support

Our support extends beyond the trial. Whether it’s handling appeals or providing ongoing legal advice, Candice Fields Law, PC remains your committed legal partner.

Your Ally in Legal Challenges

Facing PPP loan fraud charges requires a legal ally who is not only experienced but also dedicated to your defense. At Candice Fields Law, PC, we combine legal acumen, strategic planning, and unwavering commitment to stand by our clients.

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